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Ovarian Cysts Check Up In London
As a part of the female reproductive system, ovaries help produce eggs and female hormones Estrogen and Progesterone. Ovarian cysts refer to fluid-filled sacs that develop within or on the ovary. These are usually harmless and go away without intervention within a few months. However, a large ovarian cyst size can cause ruptures or twists, which can cause severe discomfort.
What Causes Ovarian Cysts?
The common causes of Ovarian cysts are hormonal problems, Endometriosis and pelvic infections and the most common type of cysts - known as the Functional cysts - are form during the menstrual cycle and are known as:
- Follicle Cysts: Follicle Cysts form when a follicle fills with fluid and grows bigger instead of releasing an egg.
- Corpus Luteum Cysts: If the follicle is sealed and the egg can not escape the ovary, the fluids build up in the follicle. This can cause corpus luteum cysts.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts
Most women who have developed Ovarian Cysts don’t notice it unless it causes a problem or if it affects their day-to-day activities. Cysts usually disappear after 2-3 menstrual cycles. However, the common signs and symptoms of larger Cysts include the following:
- Abdominal Bloating or Swelling.
- Painful Bowel Movements.
- Pelvic Pain.
- Pain during Sexual Intercourse.
- Frequent Urination.
- Pain in the Lower Back or Thighs.
- In case of a rupture, you would experience severe Pelvic Pain.
Diagnosis of Ovarian Cysts
At our private gynaecologist clinic in London, our tests for identifying Ovarian Cysts include
- Pelvic Ultrasound Scan: An ultrasound scan is used to create an image of the affected region of your body. Ultrasound can detect the position and size of the cysts and also determine if it is primarily solid or liquid.
- CA125 Blood Test (Ovarian Cancer Screen): This test measures protein CA 125 in the blood to detect cancer cells. The presence of Cysts can raise the protein CA 125.
Treatment for Ovarian Cysts: How To Remove Ovarian Cyst?
Cysts usually disappear on their own without causing harm. However, if a cysts is detected during a routine pelvic examination the following measures would be taken:
- Examine it at regular intervals to determine its size, location and shape until it goes away completely.
- In some cases, oral medication would be prescribe such as pills, to prevent new cysts from developing.
- Lastly, in the case of a rupture or if the cysts continue to grow and cause you pain, a doctor will recommend surgery either Laparoscopy or Laparotomy.
- For the removal of ovarian cysts either Laparoscopy or Laparotomy is suggested.