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Ovarian cysts

What Is An Ovarian Cysts?

As a part of the female reproductive system, ovaries help produce eggs and female hormone Estrogen and Progesterone. Ovarian cysts refer to fluid-filled sacs that develop within or on the ovary.

The common causes of Ovarian cysts are hormonal problems, Endometriosis and pelvic infections and the most common type of cysts - known as the Functional cysts - are form during the menstrual cycle and are known as:

  • Follicle Cysts.
  • Corpus Luteum Cysts.

Other Cysts which are less common and not related to your menstrual cycle are:

  • Follicle Cysts.
  • Corpus Luteum Cysts.

In most cases, these Cysts are non-cancerous and majority of them are harmless. However, serious symptoms can occur if one of these ruptures.


Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts

Most women who have developed Ovarian Cysts don’t notice it unless it causes a problem or if it affects their day-to-day activities. Cysts usually disappear after 2-3 menstrual cycles. However, the common signs and symptoms of larger Cysts include the following:

  • Abdominal Bloating or Swelling.
  • Painful Bowel Movements.
  • Pelvic Pain.
  • Pain during Sexual Intercourse.
  • Frequent Urination.
  • Pain in the Lower Back or Thighs.
  • In case of a rupture, you would experience severe Pelvic Pain.


Tests for Identifying Ovarian Cysts

The tests for identifying Ovarian Cysts includes:

  • Pelvic Ultrasound Scan.
  • CA125 Blood Test (Ovarian Cancer Screen).


Treatment for Ovarian Cysts

Cysts usually disappear on their own without causing harm. However, if a cysts is detected during a routine pelvic examination the following measures would be taken:

  • Examine it at regular intervals to determine its size, location and shape until it goes away completely.
  • In some cases, oral medication would be prescribe such as pills, to prevent new cysts from developing.
  • Lastly, in the case of a rupture or if the cysts continue to grow and cause you pain, a doctor will recommend surgery either Laparoscopy or Laparotomy.